The Plains Indians

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Who are the Plain Indians?

In the fifteenth century, many different Indian tribes like Blackfeet(!), Sioux and Navajo bagan to move to the Great Plains of the North America (see shaded red area below). The environments in which they lived in ranged from from being in dry plains, rocky mountains, wooded valleys as well as icy water. Because different tribes lived in different environments, the materials they lived on were also different. The Eskimo's (Inuit) shelter were made from ice blocks to keep themselves warm whilst tribes like the Powhatan and Pamlico used wood and leaves to cool down

 
Their way of living was much different than us, many living in a hand-to-mouth way: surviving on raw food after prey is hunted like the Nomads did, those who had no permanent home. They would build teepees (conical shape tents) because they could easily by assembled and disassembled, allowing them to move whenever they wanted to.
    
 
Others used fertile land to grow various vegetations like fish, crops, corn, cabbage and potatoes.
 
Many had wonderful skills of tool-making, using animals horns to create items like spoons and forks. Skills of hunting, fishing and archery are passed on to generations. The animals they hunted are mostly buffalos, antelopes and rabbits. The main source of energy being buffalo/bison as it provided many of their basic needs. For example, the buffalo's tongue was used for their hair brush and it's bones for knives, bone-fleshing tools and sledge runners. The antelope's horn was used for weapons, armor whilst their hooves are used for various working tools and glue. Body parts were rarely ever wasted (imagine that to today's waste culture!!!)

 



     
Teepee                                 Spoon made from animal horn!